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Mushroom Identification to Genus

Knowing which genus a mushroom falls into is critical for defining the general characteristics of that mushroom and gets you one step closer to identification to species (which is critical for consuming mushrooms!). Here I list the general characteristics of all of the known genus. Keep in mind that there are more than 15,000 described species of mushrooms; however, there is an estimated 1.5 million species of fungi, of which it is likely there are about 140,000 of species qualifying as mushrooms, many of which have never been recorded or described!
  1. ABORTIPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  2. ABSTOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  3. AGARICUS :
    Spore Color: Brown
    If you live in the city and find white mushrooms in your lawn, there's a 90% chance that you have found a species of Agaricus. These mushrooms are very common in lawns and grassy areas and also found just about anywhere - in the woods, growing on manure, even in the supermarkets! The Portabelo / crimini / button mushrooms are all different stages of the same mushroom - Agaricus bisporous. The typical characteristics of an Agaricus are a white to buff colored cap, gills that usually are white or pink in a young mushroom and then almost alway turn a dark brown with age, free gills (not attached to the stem), a ring (annulus) around the stem, and will have a brown spore print. Usually if you turn over a mushroom and look at the stem and gills, you can easily identify it as an Agaricus. Many times people send me photos of mushrooms and only take a photo of the top of a mushroom. It is nearly impossible to identify even to genus if you can't look at the gills and stem. Generally Agaricus is considered to be a safe mushroom to eat, meaning that there are no Agaricus that will kill you. However, this gives people a false sense of security and many people get sick eating them (intestinal distress, vomiting, etc..). This mushroom does not grow out of a cup like structure (vulva) like the Amanitas.
  4. AGROCYBE :
    Spore Print: Brown
    This genus is rather difficult to characterize. These mushrooms are saprophytes (grows on decaying matter) and found in manure, grass, or wood chips. Some have a veil and some don't. The cap is usually smooth or cracked and convex to plane. Several species are edible but extreme caution should be used since this genus can easily be keyed out to another genus by mistake.
  5. ALBATRELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  6. ALBOLEPTONIA :
    Coming Soon!
  7. ALEURIA :
    Coming Soon!
  8. ALNICOLA :
    Spore Print: Brown
    This group consists of the little brown mushrooms, otherwise known as LBMs. They are small mushrooms with thin stems and are difficult to identify to genus.
  9. ALPOVA :
    Coming Soon!
  10. AMANITA :
    Spore Color:White
    Of all the mushrooms a beginner should know, it's the Amanita genus. In this genus is found some of the most deadly mushrooms on the planet! Amanitas grow out of a cup at the base of the stem, usually have a ring around the stem (not always) and usually have reminants of the universal veil on the cap (small patches or spots of the 'egg' that it grew up in), have free gills and a white spore print. These mushrooms start out as an 'egg' so be careful not to confuse the young mushrooms with puffballs! Even experts that can identify an edible Amanita would never eat one since making a mistake in this genus can have fatal results!
  11. AMANITOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  12. AMYLOCYSTIS :
    Coming Soon!
  13. ANELLARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  14. ANTHOPEZIZA :
    Coming Soon!
  15. ANTHRACOBIA :
    Coming Soon!
  16. ANTHURUS :
    Coming Soon!
  17. ARACHNION :
    Coming Soon!
  18. ARANEOSA :
    Coming Soon!
  19. ARCANGELIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  20. ARMILLARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  21. ARMILLARIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  22. ASCOBOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  23. ASCOCORYNE :
    Coming Soon!
  24. ASCOTREMELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  25. ASEROE :
    Coming Soon!
  26. ASTEROPHORA :
    Coming Soon!
  27. ASTRAEUS :
    Coming Soon!
  28. AURANTIOPORELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  29. AURANTIOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  30. AURICULARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  31. AURISCALPIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  32. AUSTROBOLETUS :
    Coming Soon!
  33. BAEOSPORA :
    Coming Soon!
  34. BALSAMIA :
    Coming Soon!
  35. BANKERA :
    Coming Soon!
  36. BARSSIA :
    Coming Soon!
  37. BATTARREA :
    Coming Soon!
  38. BISPORELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  39. BJERKANDERA :
    Coming Soon!
  40. BOLBITIUS :
    Coming Soon!
  41. BOLETELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  42. BOLETINELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  43. BOLETINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  44. BOLETOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  45. BOLETUS :
    Coming Soon!
  46. BONDARZEWIA :
    Coming Soon!
  47. BOVISTA :
    Coming Soon!
  48. BOVISTELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  49. BRAUNIELLULA :
    Coming Soon!
  50. BYSSONECTRIA :
    Coming Soon!
  51. CALBOVISTA :
    Coming Soon!
  52. CCALLISTOSPORIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  53. CALOCERA :
    Coming Soon!
  54. CALOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  55. CALOSCYPHA :
    Coming Soon!
  56. CALOSTOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  57. CALVATIA :
    Coming Soon!
  58. CAMAROPHYLLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  59. CAN THARELLULA :
    Coming Soon!
  60. CANTHARELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  61. CANTHARELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  62. CARBOMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  63. CATATHELASMA :
    Coming Soon!
  64. CAULORHIZA :
    Coming Soon!
  65. CARRENA :
    Coming Soon!
  66. CHAETOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  67. CHAMAEOTA :
    Coming Soon!
  68. CHAMONIXIA :
    Coming Soon!
  69. CHEILYMENIA :
    Coming Soon!
  70. CHEIMONOPHYLLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  71. CHLAMYDOPUS :
    Coming Soon!
  72. CHLOROCIBORIA :
    Coming Soon!
  73. CHLOROPHYLLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  74. CHLOROSPLENIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  75. CHOIROMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  76. CHONDROSTEREUM :
    Coming Soon!
  77. CHORIACTIS :
    Coming Soon!
  78. CHRISTIANSENIA :
    Coming Soon!
  79. CHROOGOMPHYUS :
    Coming Soon!
  80. CIBORIA :
    Coming Soon!
  81. CLATHRUS :
    Coming Soon!
  82. CLAUDOPUS :
    Coming Soon!
  83. CLAVARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  84. CLAVARIADELPHUS :
    Coming Soon!
  85. CLAVICEPS :
    Coming Soon!
  86. CLAVICORONA :
    Coming Soon!
  87. CLAVULINA :
    Coming Soon!
  88. CLAVULINOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  89. CLIMACODON :
    Coming Soon!
  90. CLITOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  91. CLITOCYBULA :
    Coming Soon!
  92. CLITOPILUS :
    Coming Soon!
  93. COLLYBIA :
    Coming Soon!
  94. COLTRICIA :
    Coming Soon!
  95. CONIOPHORA :
    Coming Soon!
  96. CONOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  97. COOKEINA :
    Coming Soon!
  98. COOLIA :
    Coming Soon!
  99. COPELANDIA :
    Coming Soon!
  100. COPRINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  101. COPROBIA :
    Coming Soon!
  102. CORDYCEPS :
    Coming Soon!
  103. CORIOLELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  104. CORIOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  105. CORTICIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  106. CORTINARIUS :
    Coming Soon!
  107. CORYNE :
    Coming Soon!
  108. COTYLIDIA :
    Coming Soon!
  109. CRATERELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  110. CREOLOPHUS :
    Coming Soon!
  111. CREPIDOTUS :
    Coming Soon!
  112. CRINIPELLIS :
    Coming Soon!
  113. CRUCIBULUM :
    Coming Soon!
  114. CRYPTOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  115. CUDONIA :
    Coming Soon!
  116. CYATHIPODIA :
    Coming Soon!
  117. CYATHUS :
    Coming Soon!
  118. CYPTOTRAMA :
    Coming Soon!
  119. CYSTODERMA :
    Coming Soon!
  120. DACRYMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  121. DAEDALEA :
    Coming Soon!
  122. DAEDALEOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  123. DALDINIA :
    Coming Soon!
  124. DASYSCYPHUS :
    Coming Soon!
  125. DATRONIA :
    Coming Soon!
  126. DELASTRIA :
    Coming Soon!
  127. DENTINUM :
    Coming Soon!
  128. DERMOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  129. DESTUNTZIA :
    Coming Soon!
  130. DICTYOCEPHALOS :
    Coming Soon!
  131. DICTYOPHORA :
    Coming Soon!
  132. DISCINA :
    Coming Soon!
  133. DISCIOTIS :
    Coming Soon!
  134. DISCISEDA :
    Coming Soon!
  135. DISCISEDA :
    Coming Soon!
  136. DISSODERMA :
    Coming Soon!
  137. ECCILIA :
    Coming Soon!
  138. ECHINODONTIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  139. ELAPHOMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  140. ELASMYMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  141. ELFVINGIA :
    Coming Soon!
  142. ELVELA :
    Coming Soon!
  143. ENDOGONE :
    Coming Soon!
  144. ENDOPTYCHUM :
    Coming Soon!
  145. ENTOLOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  146. EXIDIA :
    Coming Soon!
  147. FAVOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  148. FAYODIA :
    Coming Soon!
  149. FISCHERULA :
    Coming Soon!
  150. FISTULINA :
    Coming Soon!
  151. FLAMMULA :
    Coming Soon!
  152. FLAMMULINA :
    Coming Soon!
  153. FLOCCULARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  154. FOMES :
    Coming Soon!
  155. FOMITOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  156. FULVIFOMES :
    Coming Soon!
  157. FUNALIA :
    Coming Soon!
  158. FUSCOBOLETINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  159. GALERA :
    Coming Soon!
  160. GALERINA :
    Coming Soon!
  161. GALEROPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  162. GALIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  163. GANODERMA :
    Coming Soon!
  164. GASTROBOLETUS :
    Coming Soon!
  165. GASTROCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  166. GASTROSPORIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  167. GAUTIERIA :
    Coming Soon!
  168. GEASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  169. GEASTRUM :
    Coming Soon!
  170. GENABEA :
    Coming Soon!
  171. GEOGLOSSUM :
    Coming Soon!
  172. GEOPORA :
    Coming Soon!
  173. GEOPYXIS :
    Coming Soon!
  174. GERRONEMA :
    Coming Soon!
  175. GLOBIFOMES :
    Coming Soon!
  176. GLOEOCANTHARELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  177. GLOEOPHYLLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  178. GLOEOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  179. GLOMUS :
    Coming Soon!
  180. GOMPHIDIUS :
    Coming Soon!
  181. GOMPHOGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  182. GOMPHUS :
    Coming Soon!
  183. GRIFOLA :
    Coming Soon!
  184. GUEPINIOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  185. GYMNOMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  186. GYMNOPILUS :
    Coming Soon!
  187. GYRODON :
    Coming Soon!
  188. GYROMITRA :
    Coming Soon!
  189. GYROPHRAGMIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  190. GYROPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  191. HAEMATOSTEREUM :
    Coming Soon!
  192. HAPALOPILUS :
    Coming Soon!
  193. HEBELOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  194. HELVELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  195. HERICIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  196. HETEROBASIDION :
    Coming Soon!
  197. HETEROPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  198. HIRNEOLA :
    Coming Soon!
  199. HIRSCHIOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  200. HOHENBUEHELIA :
    Coming Soon!
  201. HUMARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  202. HYDNANGIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  203. HYDNELLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  204. HYDNOBOLITES :
    Coming Soon!
  205. HYDNOCYSTIS :
    Coming Soon!
  206. HYDNOPOLYPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  207. HYDNOTRYA :
    Coming Soon!
  208. HYDNOTRYOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  209. HYDNUM :
    Coming Soon!
  210. HYGROCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  211. HYGROPHOROPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  212. HYGROPHORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  213. HYMENOCHAETE :
    Coming Soon!
  214. HYMENOGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  215. HYPHOLOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  216. HYPOMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  217. HYPSIZYGUS :
    Coming Soon!
  218. HYSTERANGIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  219. ILEODICTYON :
    Coming Soon!
  220. INOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  221. INONOTUS :
    Coming Soon!
  222. IRPEX :
    Coming Soon!
  223. ISCHNODERMA :
    Coming Soon!
  224. ITHYPHALLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  225. JAFNEA :
    Coming Soon!
  226. KUEHNEROMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  227. LACCARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  228. LACRYMARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  229. LACTARIUS :
    Coming Soon!
  230. LAETIPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  231. LAMPROSPORA :
    Coming Soon!
  232. LANGERMANNIA :
    Coming Soon!
  233. LARICIFOMES :
    Coming Soon!
  234. LATERNEA :
    Coming Soon!
  235. LAXITEXTUM :
    Coming Soon!
  236. LECCINUM :
    Coming Soon!
  237. LENTARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  238. LENTINELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  239. LENTINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  240. LENZITES :
    Coming Soon!
  241. LEOTIA :
    Coming Soon!
  242. LEPIOTA :
    Coming Soon!
  243. LEPISTA :
    Coming Soon!
  244. LEPTOGLOSSUM :
    Coming Soon!
  245. LEPTONIA :
    Coming Soon!
  246. LEPTOPODIA :
    Coming Soon!
  247. LEUCOAGARICUS :
    Coming Soon!
  248. LEUCOCOPRINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  249. LEUCOGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  250. LEUCOPAXILLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  251. LEUCOPHLEPS :
    Coming Soon!
  252. LEUCOSCYPHA :
    Coming Soon!
  253. LIMACELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  254. LONGIA :
    Coming Soon!
  255. LYCOPERDON :
    Coming Soon!
  256. LYOPHYLLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  257. LYSURUS :
    Coming Soon!
  258. MACOWANITES :
    Coming Soon!
  259. MACROCYSTIDIA :
    Coming Soon!
  260. MACROLEPIOTA :
    Coming Soon!
  261. MACROPODIA :
    Coming Soon!
  262. MACROSCYPHUS :
    Coming Soon!
  263. MACROTYPHULA :
    Coming Soon!
  264. MARASMIELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  265. MARASMIUS :
    Coming Soon!
  266. MARTELLIA :
    Coming Soon!
  267. MELANOGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  268. MELANOLEUCA :
    Coming Soon!
  269. MELANOPHYULLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  270. MELANOTUS :
    Coming Soon!
  271. MELASTIZA :
    Coming Soon!
  272. MERIPILUS :
    Coming Soon!
  273. MERULIUS :
    Coming Soon!
  274. MICROCOLLYBIA :
    Coming Soon!
  275. MICROGLOSSUM :
    Coming Soon!
  276. MICROMPHALE :
    Coming Soon!
  277. MICROPORELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  278. MICROSTOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  279. MITROPHORA :
    Coming Soon!
  280. MITRULA :
    Coming Soon!
  281. MOLLISIA :
    Coming Soon!
  282. MONTAGNEA :
    Coming Soon!
  283. MORCHELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  284. MORGANELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  285. MUCILOPILUS :
    Coming Soon!
  286. MUCRONOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  287. MULTICLAVULA :
    Coming Soon!
  288. MUTINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  289. MYCENA :
    Coming Soon!
  290. MYCENASTRUM :
    Coming Soon!
  291. MYCOLEVIS :
    Coming Soon!
  292. MYCORRAPHIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  293. MYRIOSCLEROTINIA :
    Coming Soon!
  294. MYRIOSTOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  295. MYRMECOCYSTIS :
    Coming Soon!
  296. MYXOMPHALIA :
    Coming Soon!
  297. NAEMATOLOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  298. NANNFELDTIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  299. NAUCORIA :
    Coming Soon!
  300. NEOBULGARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  301. NEOCUDONIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  302. NEOGYROMITRA :
    Coming Soon!
  303. NEOLECTA :
    Coming Soon!
  304. NEOSECOTINUM :
    Coming Soon!
  305. NEOTTIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  306. NEOURNULA :
    Coming Soon!
  307. NIDULA :
    Coming Soon!
  308. NIDULARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  309. NIVATOGASTRIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  310. NOLANEA :
    Coming Soon!
  311. NYCTALIS :
    Coming Soon!
  312. OCTAVIANINA :
    Coming Soon!
  313. OMPHALIA :
    Coming Soon!
  314. OMPHALIASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  315. OMPHALINA :
    Coming Soon!
  316. OMPHALOTUS :
    Coming Soon!
  317. ONNIA :
    Coming Soon!
  318. OSMOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  319. OSTEINA :
    Coming Soon!
  320. OTIDEA :
    Coming Soon!
  321. OUDEMANSIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  322. OXYPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  323. PACHYELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  324. PACHYPHLOEUS :
    Coming Soon!
  325. PANAEOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  326. PANELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  327. PANUS :
    Coming Soon!
  328. PAXILLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  329. PAXINA :
    Coming Soon!
  330. PENICILLIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  331. PENIOPHORA :
    Coming Soon!
  332. PERENNIPORIA :
    Coming Soon!
  333. PEZIZA :
    Coming Soon!
  334. PHAEOBULGARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  335. PHAEOCOLLYBIA :
    Coming Soon!
  336. PHAEOLEPIOTA :
    Coming Soon!
  337. PHAEOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  338. PHAEOMARASMIUS :
    Coming Soon!
  339. PHALLOGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  340. PHALLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  341. PHELLINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  342. PHELLODON :
    Coming Soon!
  343. PHELLORINA :
    Coming Soon!
  344. PHILLIPSIA :
    Coming Soon!
  345. PHLEBIA :
    Coming Soon!
  346. PHLEGMACIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  347. PHLOGIOTIS :
    Coming Soon!
  348. PHOLIOTA :
    Coming Soon!
  349. PHOLIOTINA :
    Coming Soon!
  350. PHYLLOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  351. PHYLLOTOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  352. PHYSALACRIA :
    Coming Soon!
  353. PICOA :
    Coming Soon!
  354. PIERSONIA :
    Coming Soon!
  355. PIPTOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  356. PISOLITHUS :
    Coming Soon!
  357. PITHYA :
    Coming Soon!
  358. PLECTANIA :
    Coming Soon!
  359. PLEUROCYBELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  360. PLEUROTELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  361. PLEUROTUS :
    Coming Soon!
  362. PLICARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  363. PLICATUROPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  364. PLUTEOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  365. PLUTEUS :
    Coming Soon!
  366. PODAXIS :
    Coming Soon!
  367. PODOSTROMA :
    Coming Soon!
  368. POLYOZELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  369. POLYPILUS :
    Coming Soon!
  370. POLYPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  371. POLYSACCUM :
    Coming Soon!
  372. POLYSTICTUS :
    Coming Soon!
  373. PORIA :
    Coming Soon!
  374. PORODISCULUS :
    Coming Soon!
  375. PORONIDULUS :
    Coming Soon!
  376. PORPHYRELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  377. POUZARELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  378. PROTOGAUTIERIA :
    Coming Soon!
  379. PSALLIOTA :
    Coming Soon!
  380. PSATHYRA :
    Coming Soon!
  381. PSATHYRELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  382. PSEUDOBALSAMIA :
    Coming Soon!
  383. PSEUDOCOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  384. PSEUDOCOPRINUS :
    Coming Soon!
  385. PSEUDOCRATERELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  386. PSEUDOFISTULINA :
    Coming Soon!
  387. PSEUDOHYDNUM :
    Coming Soon!
  388. PSEUDOPITHYELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  389. PSEUDOPLECTANIA :
    Coming Soon!
  390. PSILOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  391. PTERULA :
    Coming Soon!
  392. PTYCHOVERPA :
    Coming Soon!
  393. PULCHERRICIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  394. PULVEROBOLETUS :
    Coming Soon!
  395. PULVINULA :
    Coming Soon!
  396. PUNCTULARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  397. PUSTULARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  398. PYCNOPORELLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  399. PYCNOPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  400. PYROFOMES :
    Coming Soon!
  401. PYRONEMA :
    Coming Soon!
  402. QUELETIA :
    Coming Soon!
  403. RADIIGERA :
    Coming Soon!
  404. RADULUM :
    Coming Soon!
  405. RAMARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  406. RAMARIOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  407. RESUPINATUS :
    Coming Soon!
  408. RHIZINA :
    Coming Soon!
  409. RHIZOPOGON :
    Coming Soon!
  410. RHODOCOLLYBIA :
    Coming Soon!
  411. RHODOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  412. RHODOPAXILLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  413. RHODOTUS :
    Coming Soon!
  414. RHOPALOGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  415. RICKENELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  416. RIPARTITES :
    Coming Soon!
  417. ROZITES :
    Coming Soon!
  418. RUSSULA :
    Coming Soon!
  419. SARCODON :
    Coming Soon!
  420. SARCOSCYPHA :
    Coming Soon!
  421. SARCOSOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  422. SARCOSPHAERA :
    Coming Soon!
  423. SCHIZOPHYLLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  424. SCHIZOSTOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  425. SCLERODERMA :
    Coming Soon!
  426. SCLEROGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  427. SCLEROTINIA :
    Coming Soon!
  428. SCUTELLINIA :
    Coming Soon!
  429. SCUTIGER :
    Coming Soon!
  430. SEBACINA :
    Coming Soon!
  431. SECOTIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  432. SEDECULA :
    Coming Soon!
  433. SEPEDONIUM :
    Coming Soon!
  434. SEPULTARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  435. SERPULA :
    Coming Soon!
  436. SETCHELLIOGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  437. SIMBLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  438. SIMOCYBE :
    Coming Soon!
  439. SKELETOCUTIS :
    Coming Soon!
  440. SPARASSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  441. SPATHULARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  442. SPATHULARIOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  443. SPHAEROBOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  444. SPHAEROSOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  445. SPHAEROZONE :
    Coming Soon!
  446. SPONGIPELLIS :
    Coming Soon!
  447. SPONGIPORUS :
    Coming Soon!
  448. SPRAGUEOLA :
    Coming Soon!
  449. SQUAMANITA :
    Coming Soon!
  450. STAHELIOMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  451. STECCHERINUM :
    Coming Soon!
  452. STEPHENSIA :
    Coming Soon!
  453. STEREUM :
    Coming Soon!
  454. STROBILOMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  455. STROBILURUS :
    Coming Soon!
  456. STROPHARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  457. SUILLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  458. TARZETTA :
    Coming Soon!
  459. TECTELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  460. TELAMONIA :
    Coming Soon!
  461. TERFEZIA :
    Coming Soon!
  462. THAXTEROGASTER :
    Coming Soon!
  463. THELEPHORA :
    Coming Soon!
  464. TOGARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  465. TRAMETES :
    Coming Soon!
  466. TREMELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  467. TREMELLODENDRON :
    Coming Soon!
  468. TREMELLODENDROPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  469. TREMELLODON :
    Coming Soon!
  470. TRICHAPTUM :
    Coming Soon!
  471. TRICHOGLOSSUM :
    Coming Soon!
  472. TRICHOLOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  473. TRICHOLOMOPSIS :
    Coming Soon!
  474. TRICHOPHAEA :
    Coming Soon!
  475. TROGIA :
    Coming Soon!
  476. TRUNCOCOLUMELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  477. TRUNCOSPORA :
    Coming Soon!
  478. TRBARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  479. TUBER :
    Coming Soon!
  480. TULOSTOMA :
    Coming Soon!
  481. TYLOPILUS :
    Coming Soon!
  482. TYPHULA :
    Coming Soon!
  483. TYROMYCES :
    Coming Soon!
  484. UNDERWOODIA :
    Coming Soon!
  485. UNGULINA :
    Coming Soon!
  486. URNULA :
    Coming Soon!
  487. VAGINATA :
    Coming Soon!
  488. VASCELLUM :
    Coming Soon!
  489. VELUTICEPS :
    Coming Soon!
  490. VERPA :
    Coming Soon!
  491. VIBRESSEA :
    Coming Soon!
  492. VOLVARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  493. VOLVARIELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  494. WERAROA :
    Coming Soon!
  495. WHETZELINIA :
    Coming Soon!
  496. WOLFINA :
    Coming Soon!
  497. WYNNEA :
    Coming Soon!
  498. WYNNELLA :
    Coming Soon!
  499. XEROCOMUS :
    Coming Soon!
  500. XEROMPHALINA :
    Coming Soon!
  501. XERULINA :
    Coming Soon!
  502. XYLARIA :
    Coming Soon!
  503. XYLOBOLUS :
    Coming Soon!
  504. XYLOSPHAERA :
    Coming Soon!
  505. ZELLEROMYCES :
    Coming Soon!

Mushroom Identification - Beginner Mushrooms

I call the mushrooms on this page beginner mushrooms because there are several characteristics that make them easy to identify from the poisonous look-alikes. Caution: Do not try to identify mushrooms to eat based solely on this web site! The best way to know for sure if a mushroom is edible is to find an experienced mycologist - someone who knows which mushrooms are good to eat. Also you should get at least three other sources of information such as mushroom identification manuals. Do not eat a mushroom that is of questionable identification. Some mushrooms can make you very ill or even kill!

Boletus edulis
Boletus edulis Mushroom
Image provided by permission of NIFG
This is one of the most sought after mushrooms and is very good to eat. Common names of this mushroom include King Bolete, Porcini, and Steinpilz. The Boletus edulis is a huge mushroom that can grow to weights of over a pound per mushroom! It is found at higher elevations here in Colorado up around ski lifts at about 10,000+ feet in elevation and can be very abundant. It grows around spruce, conifers and hardwoods from mid-July through September. Insect larvae like it too and usually enter the mushroom from the stem up. To collect mushrooms, cut the stem with a knife and check for worms. If there are worms, cut the stem shorter and shorter until no holes are seen. To avoid worms, collect the younger mushrooms. The older, bigger mushrooms usually are riddled with worms.
A Bucket Full of Boletes!
Image property of Caps and Stems!
The characteristics that distinguish it from the other mushrooms is its size for one thing. It has a very thick bulbous stem with webbing on it. Also it doesn't have any gills under the cap. Instead, it has a 'sponge-like' texture with pores. There is one look alike that makes some people sick called Leccinum insigne but it is easy to recognize with some black on the stem and most importantly, the flesh will stain dark about 5 minutes after a cut or bruise. There are also some Suillus species that are similar but without the webbing on the stem and the stem not as bulbous. Suillus are edible but not as good as Boletus edulis. Boletus - Very Good!
Image property of Caps and Stems!

Lactarius deliciosus
 Lactarius deliciosus mushroom
Image provided by permission of NIFG
This mushroom is difficult to spot since there are so many mushrooms that have a similar appearance. There are several key features that set this mushroom apart from all the others. Under the cap and on the stem it is bright orange. The top of the cap is orange on the young mushroom but fades to a brownish orange with age. They stain green and after you have bruised them up the beautiful orange becomes rather unsightly. But they are very good to eat, right up there with the King Bolete. They are a smaller mushroom so you can't collect quite the volume as the Boletes. The other distinguishing characteristic is that they have a hollow stem. Similar look alikes don't have the hollow stem. Often you will have to lift the cap and look under the gills looking for the bright orange underneath to correctly ID this one. The major down side is that the worms really like this mushroom and probably 80% of all that I collect are riddled with worms. However, many beginners don't recognize this prized mushroom and often a hunted out region will be full of Lactarius.
The cap is also a distinguishing feature being cup shaped. The larger, older ones will start to stain green on the top of the mushroom and can be easily spotted from a distance. Common names include Lactarius and Delicious Milky Cap. If you crush the flesh it will bleed orange milk like fluid, thus the name Milky Cap.

Cantharellus cibarius

 Chantrelle mushrooms
Image provided by permission of Macrofungi of Costa Rica
The Chantrelle is another choice edible and is one of the best known wild mushrooms in North America. It is usually found in pines above 8000 feet. It is another orange mushroom but unlike Lactarius it does not stain green or have a hollow stem. The gills under the cap do not hang down but have blunt edges becoming mere raised lines. It has a pleasantly fruity odor and a mild, sweet taste. It's usually free of worms unlike most other mushrooms. Low in protein but high in Vitamin A, it drys poorly becoming tough as leather but can be sautéed, pickled or canned.
Attempts to cultivate them commercially have not been successful. It is commonly found in July and August. Some years it is abundant while other years it is hard to find. There is a poisonous look alike Gomphus floccosus but, thank goodness, it doesn't grow in Colorado! Most of the ones that I have found are very small and young, but I have seen people find a few quite large. Common names include Chantrelle, pfifferling, and girolle. Chantrelle - A choice edible
Image provided by permission of Jens H. Petersen

Morchella esculenta
 Morels
Image provided by permission of
Pamela Kaminski
Morels are in season when many of the other mushrooms are still dormant. They arrive in the spring around late April and early May. They are found in the lower elevations near trees, especially ash and oak. They are often found in abundance after forest fires and seem to prefer burnt ash to grow around. They are easy to recognise and only have a few poisonous look alikes. The stink horn looks similar but has a slimy layer and a pungent, repulsive vomit like smell. Also similar is the False Morel (Gyromitra esculenta) which lacks the symetrical pattern and 'pits' on the cap. Beware: The false morel, if eaten, can cause death!
Another similar mushroom is the black morel (Morchella angusticeps) which is also edible. This fruits a little later than the yellow morel, in late May to late June. Be sure to cut open your morels to make sure they are not the false morel. The true morel will be hollow inside and the false will be solid. It's also a good idea to cut it open to check for insects that might be hiding in there. Be sure to cook all morels. If eaten raw, they will cause an upset stomach in some people. There have also been reports of people being alergic to the black morel so when eating for the first time be sure to eat in moderation. Morels are highly sought after and can be difficult to find. They grow slower than most mushrooms, taking three to four weeks to reach maturity so they stay around for awhile. Other mushrooms can show up and be gone in less than a week! Some morels can reach large sizes, up to 12 inches high! All true morels are edible. Be sure to cook before you eat!
Image provided by permission of
Pamela Kaminski

Coprinus comatus
Shaggy mane
Image provided by permission of NIFG
Coprinus comatus or 'Shaggy Mane' is commonly found in cities as well as in the woods. It spreads quickly and is often found in lawns and along roadsides. (Always be careful when picking mushrooms to eat that have been growing in lawns that have been treated with fertilizer or weed killer. And along road sides mushrooms can be made toxic by significant amounts of lead from automobiles!) It is very good to eat if you pick it before the cap opens. There are similar look alikes that have a smooth cap that isn't 'shaggy'. This one comes highly recommended!
Edible - great with scrambled eggs!

Miscellaneous mushrooms found high up in the mountains:

Mushrooms found in Colorado, positively identified
at the Colorado Mycological Society Mushroom Fair in the fall of 2001:


Agaricus abruptibulbus
Agaricus amicosus = silvaticus
Agaricus campestris
Agaricus semotus
Agaricus silvicola
Agaricus xanthoderma
Agaricus
cf melagris
Albatrellus confluens
Albatrellus ellisii
Albatrellus flettii
Albatrellus ovinus
Aminita fulva
Aminita inaurata
Aminita muscaria var formosa
Aminita muscaria var muscaria
Aminita muscaria var flavivolvata
Aminita pantherina
Aminita stannea
nom prov
Aminita vaginata
Armillaria ostoyae
Bankera fuligineoalba
Boletopsis griseus
Boletus barrowsii
Boletus edulis
Boletus pinicola
Boletus subtomentosus
Calbovista subsculpta
Calocybe fallax
Calvatia subcretacea
Cantharellus cibarius
Catathelasma ventricosa
Chalciporus piperatus
Cheimonophyllum candidissimus
Chlorophyllum molybdites
Chroogomphus ochraceus
Chroogomphus vinicolor
Clavaria purpurea
Clavariadelphus ligula
Clavariadelphus pistillaris
Clavariadelphus truncatus
Clavulina cristata
Clavulina rugosa
Clitocybe candicans
Clitocybe dilatata
Clitocybe fragrans
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe odora
Clitocybe squamulosa
Collybia acervata
Collybia butyracea
Collybia cookei
Collybia dryophila
Collybia earleae
Collybia familia
Collybia maculata
Collybia subsulphurea
Collybia tuberosa
Conocybe tenera
Conocybe
sp.
Coprinus disseminatus
Coprinus micaceus
Coprinus niveus
Coprinus plicatilis
Cortinarius cinnamomeus
(Dermocybe)
Cortinarius collinitus
Cortinarius
sp. #1(subgenus Telemonia)
Cortinarius
cf rigidus (Telemonia)
Cortinarius
cf mutabilis
Cortinarius trivialis
Crucibulum vulgare
Cudonia circinans
Cystoderma amianthinum
Cystoderma fallax
Entoloma
sp.
Entoloma lividum
Flammulina velutipes
Fomitopsis pinicola
Galeropsis
sp.
Galerina
cf autumnalis
Galerina marginata
Galerina
sp. #1
Galerina
cf vitiformis
Ganoderma applanatum
Gloeophyllum sepiarium
Gomphidius glutinosus
Gomphidius subroseus
Gomphus clavatus
Gymnopilus bellulis
Gymnopilus sapineus
Hebeloma alpinum
Hebeloma bruchetii
Hebeloma crustuliniforme
Helvella lacunosa
Hydnellum aurantiacum
Hydnellum peckii (diabolus)
Hydnellum suaveolens
Hydnum repandum
Hygrocybe acutoconica
Hygrocybe conicus
Hygrocybe speciosus
Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca
Hygrophorus bakerensis
Hygrophorus borealis
Hygrophorus chrysodon
Hygrophorus cossus
Hygrophorus erubescens
Hygrophorus niveus
Hygrophorus olivaceoalbus
Hygrophorus pudorinus
Hygrophorus purpurascens
Hypholoma capnoides
Hypholoma fasciculare
Hypomyces
sp.
Hypomyces yellow
Hypomyces chrysospermus
Hypomyces lactifluorum
Hypomyces luteovirens
Hypsiygus tessulatus
Inocybe fastigiata
Inocybe geophylla var. lilicina
Inocybe lanuginosa
Inocybe sororia
Inonotus tomentosus
Laccaria laccata
Laccaria ohiensis
Laccaria proxima
Laccaria striatula
Lactarius alnicola
Lactarius deliciosus
Lactarius pubescens
Lactarius rufus
Lactarius repraesentaneus
Lactarius scrobiculatus
Lactarius torminosus
Lactarius uvidus
Leccinum fibrillosum
Leccinum insigne
Lentaria pinicola
Lentinellus omphalodes
Lepiota acutesquamosa
Lepiota aspera complex
Lepiota clypeolaria
Lepiota cristata
Lepiota seminuda
Leucopaxillus amarus
Leucopaxillus giganteus
Lycogala epidendrum
Lycoperdon curtisii
Lycoperdon foetidum
Lycoperdon molle
Lycoperdon perlatum
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lyophyllum connatum
Lyophyllum decastes
Lyophyllum infumatum
Macrolepiota rachodes
Marasmius androsaceus
Marasmius oreades
Melanoleuca angelisiana
Mycena adonis
Mycena epipterygia
Mycena
cf flavoalba
Mycena pura
Mycena
sp.
Neolecta irregularis
Oligoporus osseus = Osteina osseus
Otidia
sp.
Paneolus campanulatus
Paxillus involutus
Peniophora rufa
Peziza
cf saniosa (Loveland Pass)
Peziza violacea
Peziza
sp.
Phallus hadriani
Pholiota alnicola
Pholiota destruens
Pholiota highlandensis
Pholiota squarrosa
Pholiota terrestris
Pholiota vernalis
Phyllotopsis nidulans
Pleurotus populinum
Pleurotus pulmonarius
Pluteus cervinus
Polyozellus multiplex
Psathyrella candoleana
Psathyrella
cf gracilis
(microscoped)
Ramaria abietina
Ramaria
cf botrytis complex
Ramaria cacao
(see Arora)
Ramaria magnipes
Rhizopogon roseolus
Russula aeruginea
Russula albonigra
Russula brevipes
Russula decolorans
Russula laurocerasi
Russula queletii
Russula rosacea = sanginea
Russula velenovskyi
Russula xerampelina
Sarcosphaeria exemia = crassa
Stereum hirsutum
Suillus albivelatus
Suillus brevipes
Suillus lakei
Suillus tomentosus
Suillus umbontus
Thelephora palmata
Thelephora terrestris
Tremella mesenterican
Trichaptum biforme
Tricholoma aurantium
Tricholoma flavovirens
Tricholoma magnivelare
Tricholoma olida
Tricholoma populinum
Tricholoma portentosum
Tricholoma saponaceum
Tricholoma terreum
Tricholoma vaccinum
Tricholoma virgatum
Tricholoma zelleri
Tricholompsis rutilans
Tulostoma simulans
Ustilago maydis
Xeromphalina campanella
Xeromphalina cauticinalis





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Mushroom Identification